How do the pilot licenses differ?January 31, 2020
In order to be allowed to fly an aircraft, a pilot’s license is required. In a flight school different courses and trainings are offered. A distinction is made between the license for private or professional pilots, for private pilots or commercial pilots and for microlight aircraft or gliders. We, at Panamedia, will inform you about the different flight licenses.
Private Pilot Licence (PPL)
The first step is the acquisition of the private pilot license. With this you acquire the right to fly on the day for private purposes. Commercial use of the flights is not permitted. So this pilot license can be used for travelling with friends or family members. The private pilot licence can be taken for motor aircraft (PPL (A)), for helicopters (PPL (H)) or for driving balloons (PPL (D)).
The basic requirements for obtaining the licence are a minimum age of 17 years at licence acquisition, a medical certificate of airworthiness, training in emergency measures at the scene of an accident and thorough training in theory and practice.
Theoretical subjects are aviation law, meteorology, navigation, technology, behaviour in special cases and human performance. In addition, there is theoretical training and examination in aeronautical radio.
Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL)
Anyone wishing to carry out commercial flights requires the Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL). The Commercial Pilot Licence allows the piloting of aircraft for commercial purposes which are certified for a single pilot (Single Pilot). This applies to most single and twin-engined propeller-driven and jet-powered aircraft below a maximum take-off mass of 12.5t. This allows for example paid sightseeing flights, business flights or cargo flights.
In contrast to the private pilot license, the commercial pilot license already requires a Class I medical fitness and an English radio communication certificate. Furthermore 200 flying hours as a pilot on powered aircraft and additional theoretical training. For the commercial pilot licence, it makes sense to acquire an instrument rating directly. This enables you to fly at night and in poor visibility conditions.
Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL)
The last stage of pilot training is the regular airline pilot licence (ATPL (A)). This enables pilots to work for airlines as commercial pilots without restrictions. With this pilot licence, all large aircraft such as an Airbus or Boeing can be flown (multi crew). The ultimate goal of this training is to be able to work as a responsible pilot for airlines. For this purpose, not only the license must be acquired, but also a certain amount of flying experience must be proven. Upon completion, the pilot is first issued a “frozen ATPL”, which initially represents a co-pilot status. Only after a certain number of flying hours (at least 1500) can he/she work as a captain in charge on commercial aircraft.
Panamedia is a leading pilot school in Spain, with branches in Mallorca and Valencia. Our many years of experience, a large fleet and modern flight simulators offer you advanced and efficient flight training. Our flight school offers a wide range of courses that can be taken on site, as distance learning or online.
Would you like to acquire a pilot’s license? We will be pleased to advise you!
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